The Doklam stand-off that made the news for a very long time until India and China both agreed to pull-back their troops, but did you know about the other stand-offs of the past?
The Doklam stand-off that began on June 16 after China began constructing a road in the area and Bhutan objected to it, calling in the Indian army. Ever since, there have been innumerable rounds of confrontation wherein the Chinese media kept threatening to escalate the stand-off into a military confrontation, accusing India of many things. Recently, the stand-off has ceased with the international support growing in the favour of India ahead of the important BRICS summit.
After 70 days, the troops of both the countries have retreated to their positions before the stand-off. Before Doklam stand-off there have been many other like Chumar stand-off and Daulat Beg Oldi stand-off. In this article, we will learn more about the two stand-offs that preceded the Doklam one.
When the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of China entered into Ladakh’s Demchok region to stop the work of an irrigation canal, the stand-off began. The canal was being contructed to link a village in Ladakh with a hot spring under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREG) when the Chinese troops aggressively tried to stop the construction.
The Chinese claimed that before taking up any project of construction in the area, permission had to be obtained by both the sides. India said, that such a permission was necessary only if the work was being carried out for defense purposes.
In 2014 as well a stand-off had taken place in the same area to protest the construction of a 100 feet long water channel, connected to the Charding Nilong Nallah (CNN), which passes through Demchok. The LAC passes through the CNN.
The 2014 Demchok stand-off was resolved after Chinese and Indian heads, Xi Jinping and Narendra Modi had talks over the issue. After a week, the Chinese and Indian troops retreated and ceased the stand-off. For the 2016 Demchok stand-off, the Chinese soldiers retreating after the construction of the canal was completed with China refuting the claims that the Chinese marched into Demchok.
Before the Doklam and Demchok stand-offs, there was yet another stand-off between India and China in 2013. What was even shocking about this one is that hours after the Chinese troops pulled out of the stand-off before this – Daulat Beg Oldi stand-0ff- they marched into Chumar area of Ladakh initiating yet another stand-off.
Chumar has been a controversial village with the Chinese claiming it to be their territory. It is the last village in the Ladakh area of J&K, bordering Himachal Pradesh.
The Chinese demanded that India should take down the ‘bunkers’ which were actually tin-sheds in the area, as per what was agreed in the deal. After long diplomatic talks and efforts, the stand-off was ceased after 21 days. The then Chinese premier Li Keqiang, had come to India which helped in easing off the tension.
The Chinese then dismantled their tents and retreated while the Indians took down the ‘tin-sheds’.
There have been a lot of other stand-offs between India and China that have been prevented through diplomacy. It is the key to world peace.