Vatican City is the smallest country in the world by landmass having an approximate area of only 0.50 sqkms! The total area of Mumbai city is 600 sqkms approximately! Just imagine how small Vatican City must be.
It was only in 1929, after the Lateran Treaty that Vatican City was declared independent. It is encircled by Italy. Today it is famous because it is the seat of the Pope of the Catholic Church with St.Peter’s Basilica being the centre. Vatica or Vaticum means a garden in Roman. The name of the country also comes from ‘Vatican Hill’ (Mons Vaticanus in Latin) – the place it is situated on.
The population of this country is around 450 with more than 75% of the population being in the clergy, according to history.com. However, when we judge by population is a place called Pitcairn islands which has a population of 40-60 which becomes the smallest country.
The economy of the country runs solely due the extremely important historical monuments like Sistine Chapel and St Peter’s Basilica that it holds within itself. Its revenue mainly comes from selling of postage stamps and souvenirs to tourists, sale of publications and through the fees for the entry into various museums of international importance.
The Pope is the supreme head of the Vatican government which is theocratic and Italian language is often used in all forms of communication.
Here are 3 interesting facts about Vatican City:
1. Photographer Piero Pazzi, has delivered his annual “Hot Priest Calendar” where he has selectively photographed some of the sexiest Roman Catholic priests from Vatican City, Italy, according to thegailygrind.com. You will often stumble upon this calendar when you are in Vatican.
2. There are no divorce laws in the Vatican – it is one of the only two countries in the world that doesn’t have divorce laws. It allows only annulment of marriages.
3. We know that Galileo was placed under house arrest for stating that Earth was not the center of the universe. The Vatican formally acknowledged they were wrong and Galileo was right in 1992, as per Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty.
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